Hitler Financed the US Federal Reserve and the Bank of England
More than 70 years ago launched the greatest slaughter in history was given.
The recent resolution of the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly, fully equalizing role of the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany for starting the Second World War, in addition, that a purely pragmatic purpose to extort money from Russia for the maintenance of some bankrupt economies, aims to demonize Russia as the legal successor of the USSR, and to prepare the legal ground for the deprivation of her right to oppose the revision of the outcome of the war. But if we put the issue of responsibility for the outbreak of war, you first need to answer the key question: who provided the Nazis coming to power who sent them on their way to world catastrophe? All the pre-war history of Germany shows that the provision of "necessary" policy were managed by the financial turmoil, in which, by the way, the world was plunged.
Key structures, determines the strategy of post-war development of the West, were the central financial UK and US institutions - the Bank of England and the Federal Reserve (Fed) - and the associated financial and industrial organizations, has set a goal to establish absolute control over the financial system in Germany, to manage political processes Central Europe. The following steps can be distinguished in the implementation of this strategy:
1st: from 1919 to 1924. - Prepare the ground for massirovnyh US financial infusions into the German economy;
2nd: from 1924 to 1929. - The establishment of control over the financial system in Germany and the financial support of National Socialism;
3rd: from 1929 to 1933. - Provoking and unleashing deep financial and economic crisis and ensure the Nazis came to power;
4th: from 1933 to 1939. - Financial cooperation with the Nazi authorities and support its expansionist foreign policy, aimed at preparing and unleashing a new world war.
At the first stage the main levers to ensure the penetration of American capital into Europe began war debts and the closely related issue of German reparations. After the formal entry into the United States in the First World War they gave allies (primarily England and France) loans of $ 8.8 billion. The total amount of military debt, including loans and provided by the US in 1919-1921., Amounted to more than 11 billion dollars. Solve their problems the debtor countries tried at the expense of Germany, imposing on it a huge amount and extremely difficult conditions for payment of reparations. Caused by this flight of German capital abroad and refusal to pay taxes has led to such a state budget deficit, which could be covered only by mass production unsecured brands. The result was the collapse of the German currency - the "great inflation" in 1923, which amounted to 578 512% when one dollar was 4.2 trillion marks. German industrialists began to openly sabotage all events to pay reparation obligations, which caused as a result of the famous "Ruhr crisis" - a Franco-Belgian okkupatsiiyu Ruhr in January 1923
It waited for the Anglo-American ruling circles that, by giving to get caught up in France in venturing adventure and prove its inability to solve the problem, take the initiative in their hands. US Secretary of State Hughes pointed out: "It is necessary to wait until Europe is ripe to accept the American offer ".
The new project was developed in the depths of "JP Morgan and Co." on the orders of the head of the Bank of England Montagu Norman . The basis of his ideas were representative of the "Dresdner Bank" Hjalmar Schacht , formulated by him back in March 1922, at the suggestion of John Foster Dulles (future Secretary of State in President Eisenhower's cabinet), a legal adviser to President Woodrow Wilson at the Paris Peace Conference. Dulles passed the note principal trustee "JP Morgan and Co.", and then JP Morgan recommended J. Schacht M.Normanu, and the last - the Weimar rulers. In December 1923 J. Schacht of the Reichsbank and the control will play a crucial role in bringing together the Anglo-American and German financial circles.
Summer of 1924, the project, known as the "Dawes Plan" (named after the chairman of the committee of experts prepares it, the American Banker, director of one of the banks Morgan group), was adopted at the London Conference. He called for halving the reparations and solved the question of the sources of their coverage. However, the main task was to ensure favorable conditions for US investment, which was only possible with the stabilization of the German mark. To this end, the plan called for Germany a large loan in the amount of $ 200 million., Half of which was accounted for JP Morgan. At the same time the Anglo-American banks established control over not only the translation of the German payments, but also for the budget, monetary system and to a large extent the country's credit system. By August 1924 the old German mark replaced by a new, stable financial situation in Germany, and, as he wrote researcher G. D.Preparta , the Weimar Republic was prepared for "the most beautiful of economic aid in history, followed by a most bitter harvest in world history "-" into the financial veins of Germany irrepressible stream gushed American blood. "
The consequences of this were not slow to reveal itself.
Firstly, due to the fact that the annual reparations were to cover the amount paid by the allies of debt, formed the so-called "absurd Weimar circle." Gold, which Germany had paid in the form of war reparations, sell, pledge, and disappeared in the United States, where it is in a "help" on the plan to return to Germany, which gave it to England and France, and they in turn pay them US military duty. Recently, propped his interest, he again sent Germany. As a result, all of Germany to live in debt, and it was clear that if the Wall Street withdraw its loans, the country will suffer a complete failure.
Secondly, though formally the credits were extended to provide payments, it was actually the restoration of the military-industrial potential of the country. The fact that Germans are paying for credits in shares of enterprises, so that American capital has been actively integrated into the German economy. The total amount of foreign investments in German industry over the 1924-1929 biennium. It amounted to almost 63 billion gold marks (30 billion accounted for loans), and the payment of reparations - 10 billion marks. 70% of revenues provided US bankers, most of the banks JP Morgan. As a result, already in 1929, German industry came in second place in the world, but to a large extent it was in the hands of America's leading financial and industrial groups.
So, "I.G.Farbenindustri", the main supplier of the German war machine, 45% financed the election campaign of Hitler in 1930, under the control of the Rockefeller "Standard Oil." Morgana by "General Electric" controlled the German radio and electrical industry, represented by AEG and "Siemens" (by 1933 30% of the shares owned by AEG "General Electric"), through a communications company ITT - 40% of the German telephone network, in addition to this, they owned 30% of shares in aircraft building company "Focke-Wulf". Above the "Opel" was under control by the "General Motors", owned by the Dupont family.Henry Ford controlled 100% of the shares of the concern "Volkswagen ". In 1926, with the participation of Rockefeller bank "Dillon Reed and Co." emerged the second largest after the "I.G.Farbenindustri» German industrial monopoly - metallurgical concern"Vereinigte Stahlwerke" (Steel Trust) Thyssen, Flick, Wolff and Feglera and others.
US cooperation with the German military-industrial complex has been so intense and pervasive that by 1933, under the control of the US financial capital were the key sectors of German industry, and such major banks as "Deutsche Bank", "Dresdner Bank", "Donut Bank" and al.
At the same time it is preparing and the political force, which was intended to play a crucial role in the Anglo-American plans. We are talking about the financing of the Nazi Party and Adolf Hitler personally.
As he wrote in his memoirs, the former German Chancellor Brüning , starting in 1923, Hitler received large sums from abroad.Where they went is unknown, but flowed through Swiss and Swedish banks. We also know that in 1922 in Munich, Adolf Hitler met with US military attaché in Germany captain Truman Smith, the composition of her detailed report the Washington authorities (Military Intelligence Office), in which he spoke highly of Hitler. It was through Smith's circle of friends was introduced Hitler Ernst Hanfstaengl Franz Zedgvik (Putzi), a graduate of Harvard University, who played an important role in the formation of Adolf Hitler as a politician, to provide him significant financial support and provide him with an acquaintance and communication with senior British figures. Hitler prepared to politics, however, while in Germany the prosperity reigned, his party remained on the periphery of public life. The situation changes dramatically with the onset of the crisis.
Since the autumn of 1929 after the collapse triggered by the Fed's US stock market begins to take place the third stage of the strategy of Anglo-American financial circles.
Fed and JP Morgan decide to stop lending to Germany, inspired by the banking crisis and economic depression in Central Europe. In September 1931, Britain abandoned the gold standard, deliberately destroying the international payment system and completely cutting off the financial oxygen of the Weimar Republic.
But there is a NSDAP financial miracle in September 1930 as a result of large donations Thyssen, "IG Farben "and Kirdorfa party gets 6.4 million. Votes, it ranks second in the Reichstag, and then activated by generous infusions from abroad. The main link between the major German industrialists and foreign financiers becomes Ya.Shaht.
January 4, 1932 the meeting of the largest English financier M. Norman with A. Hitler and von Papen, which was concluded a secret agreement on the financing of the NSDAP. At this meeting was also attended by US politicians and Dulles brothers, what do not like to mention their biographers. A January 14, 1933 Hitler held a meeting with Schroeder, Papen and Kepler, where Hitler's program was fully approved. It was here that was finally resolved the question of the transfer of power to the Nazis, and 30 January Hitler became Reich Chancellor. Now begins the implementation of the fourth stage of the strategy.
The ratio of the Anglo-American ruling circles became very sympathetic to the new government. When Hitler refused to pay reparations, which, of course, call into question the payment of war debts, neither Britain nor France have not shown him the claims about payments. Moreover, after the trip delivered again at the head of the Reichsbank Ya Mine in the United States in May 1933 and his meeting with the President and the biggest bankers on Wall Street America New Germany has allocated loans totaling $ 1 billion. And in June, while a trip to London and a meeting with Norman M. Schacht reaches of the English loan of $ 2 billion., and reducing and then stopping payments on old loans. Thus, the Nazis got what they could not achieve the previous government.
In the summer of 1934, Britain entered into an Anglo-German transfer agreement, which became one of the foundations of the British policy towards the Third Reich and the end of the 30s Germany turns into a major trading partner of Britain. Bank Schroeder turns to Germany's chief agent in the UK, and in 1936 his office in New York combined with the home of the Rockefellers to createan investment bank, "Schroeder, Rockefeller and Co.", which "Times" magazine called "economic propagandist axis of Berlin-Rome . " As Hitler himself admitted that his four-year plan he conceived on the basis of foreign financial credit, so it never inspired him with the slightest alarm.
In August 1934, the American "Standard Oil" bought in Germany 730 thousand. Acres of land and built large refineries which supplied the Nazis with oil. At the same time in Germany from the United States was secretly delivered the most advanced equipment for aircraft factories, which will begin production of German planes. From American companies "Pratt and Whitney", "Douglas", "Bendix Avmeyshn » Germany received a large number of military patents, and American technology to build a "Junkers-87." By 1941, when the full raging Second World War, US investment in the German economy totaled $ 475 million, "Standard Oil" invested in it 120 million, "General Motors" -. 35 million, ITT - 30 million, and "Ford" - 17.5 million.
Close financial and economic cooperation between the Anglo-American and the Nazi business circles was the background against which in the 30s, a policy of appeasement that led to World War II.
Today, when the global financial elite began to implement the plan, "The Great Depression - 2" , followed by the transition to a "new world order", the identification of its key role in the organization of crimes against humanity becomes a priority.
Yuri Rubtsov - Doctor of Historical Sciences, Academician of the Academy of Military Sciences, a member of the International Association of Historians of the Second World War