Viewpoint – Is the race for remote, very large marine protected areas (VLMPAs) taking us down the wrong track?
• MPA coverage targets are leading to an increasing focus on remote very large MPAs.
• The resultant networks will not fulfill several criteria of the Aichi MPA Target.
• Effective, representative, coherence and equity criteria are unlikely to be achieved.
• Smaller partly protected MPAs that are not isolated are also needed.
• MPA networks need to include a diversity of different types of MPA.
by P. J. S. Jones and E.M. De Santo, Science Direct, 31 August 2016
This viewpoint article argues that relatively recent increases in the designation of remote, very large marine protected areas (VLMPAs) around the world threaten to undermine the very purpose and objectives of the Aichi biodiversity targets they are aiming to address.
Questions are raised about the effectiveness, representativeness, and potential for connectivity of these remote VLMPAs as well as whether they are equitably managed. In addition, it is argued that the push for such designations in countries’ overseas territories deflects attention and effort from the challenge of designating and effectively managing MPAs closer to home.
In the run-up to the 2016 IUCN World Conservation Congress and Conference of Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), it is important for countries to recognize that remote VLMPAs are but one type of MPA, requiring significant investment in monitoring and enforcement in order to effectively achieve conservation objectives, and that achieving the Aichi MPA coverage target largely through such designations will undermine the aims of this target.
To better meet the MPA network criteria set out by the CBD, a range of types of MPAs must be implemented, including smaller MPAs in more intensely used ‘metropolitan seas’, and social justice considerations must be better integrated in conservation planning.
It is important that the race towards remote VLMPAs does not divert attention, resources and political will away from the other types of MPA that are necessary for effectively fulfilling marine conservation targets.
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Guardian: Hawaii and other big marine protected areas 'could work against conservation' -- “…The Papahānaumokuākea marine park created by Barack Obama could end up as just a ‘paper park’, argue US and UK marine experts….”
THE HAWAIIAN LANDS OF THE 1850 HAWAIIN KINGDOM CONSTITUTION & 1850 TREATY WITH THE UNITED STATES
"Ka Pae `Aina O Hawai`i Nei (the Hawaiian Archipelago) comprises 132 islands, reefs and shoals, stretching 1,523 miles (2,451 kilometers) southeast to northwest across the Tropic of Cancer between 154 40' to 178 25' W longitude and 18 54' to 28 15' N latitude, consisting approximately of a total land area of 6,425 square miles (16,642 square kilometers), including 1 percent of less than six square miles of land area made up of islands off the shores of the main islands and the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands, from Kure Atoll in the North to Nihoa in the South, also Palmyra Island, Midway and Wake Islands, and all Lands that have resided with the Kanaka Maoli since time immemorial. The Hawaiian Islands form an Archipelago, which extends over a vast area of the Pacific Ocean, possessing a 12 mile Territorial Sea, and the 200 mile Exclusive Economic Zone, in accordance with generally recognized standards of international law."
LOGGED IN BERN,SWITZERLAND 1846 BY MATAIO KEKUANAOA