In response to Trump's actions on Syria:
The War Powers Resolution (also known as the War Powers Resolution of 1973 or the War Powers Act) (50 U.S.C. 1541–1548) is a federal law intended to check the president's power to commit the United States to an armed conflict without the consent of the U.S. Congress. The Resolution was adopted in the form of a United States Congress joint resolution. It provides that the U.S. President can send U.S. Armed Forces into action abroad only by declaration of war by Congress, "statutory authorization," or in case of "a national emergency created by attack upon the United States, its territories or possessions, or its armed forces."
The War Powers Resolution requires the President to notify Congress within 48 hours of committing armed forces to military action and forbids armed forces from remaining for more than 60 days, with a further 30-day withdrawal period, without a Congressional authorization for use of military force (AUMF) or a declaration of war by the United States. The resolution was passed by two-thirds of Congress, overriding a presidential veto.
It has been alleged that the War Powers Resolution has been violated in the past – for example, by President Bill Clinton in 1999, during the bombing campaign in Kosovo. Congress has disapproved all such incidents, but none has resulted in any successful legal actions being taken against the president for alleged violations.
Trump sends Congress letter explaining Syria strike
04/08/17 03:00 PM EDT
© Greg Nash
President Trump on Saturday delivered his justification to Congress for ordering a missile strike on Syria this week, saying in a letter to congressional leaders that the U.S. was prepared to take further military action if necessary.
"I acted in the vital national security and foreign policy interests of the United States, pursuant to my constitutional authority to conduct foreign relations and as Commander in Chief and Chief Executive," Trump wrote.
The letter was addressed to House Speaker Paul Ryan (R-Wis.) and Sen. Orrin Hatch (R-Utah), the Senate president pro tempore.
"The United States will take additional action, as necessary and appropriate, to further its important national interests," Trump wrote.
Under the War Powers Resolution, the president is required to submit an explanation for the use of force within 48 hours after military action is taken. The deadline for Trump to do so would be Saturday night.
Trump's letter echoed his comments delivered roughly an hour after the strikes on Thursday night, when he characterized the strikes as in the "vital national security interest" of the U.S.
“It is in this vital national security interest of the United States to prevent and deter the spread and use of deadly chemical weapons,” Trump said at his Mar-a-Lago resort in Florida, where he was hosting Chinese President Xi Jinping.
A number of world leaders rallied around the U.S. strikes on Friday, applauding the action as a necessary and proportional response to Syrian President Bashar Assad’s alleged use of chemical weapons in the country’s Idlib Province.
The Syrian government and Russia, a longtime backer of Assad and one of the regime’s fiercest military supporters, condemned the strike. A spokesman for Russian President Vladimir Putin on Friday called the strike an act of “aggression against a sovereign state” and accused the U.S. of violating international law.
U.S. lawmakers expressed general support for the attack, though many called for the president to seek congressional approval before conducting any further military operations against Syria.
Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Kent.), however, said that the president shouldn’t have to seek further approval for military action.
He argued that an Authorization for Use of Military Force (AUMF) approved by Congress in the days after the Sept. 11, 2001 attacks, and another in 2002 that authorized the Iraq War, justified recent military action in the region.
"We passed one back in 2001 and 2002, I believe, and the previous president thought that it authorized what we were doing in that part of the world, and I expect this president thinks the same," he told conservative radio host Hugh Hewitt on Friday.
Trump’s assertion that the U.S. was prepared to carry out further attacks on Syria if necessary echoed similar comments made by U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley on Friday, who delivered a biting rebuttal to Russia’s condemnations and defended the president’s action.
"The United States took a very measured step last night," Haley said. "We are prepared to do more, but we hope that will not be necessary."